Exodus 23:12 commands
“Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and so that the slave born in your household and the foreigner living among you may be refreshed.”
The Sabbath was commemorating and paralleling God’s actions to work six days and rest one. This was not just the Jews, but all people within the land were required to observe it. Many people who immigrate to America end up owning their own business or working long hard hours of labor to afford to live in small, crime-ridden areas of towns and cities. I would watch the documentary “God Grew Tired of Us” (see my review here). God wanted the Sabbath to reflect our lives holistically in the relationships we have with people, and reverence in our hearts towards him.
What I am plainly saying is that outward actions reflect the inward transformation and that we are not held to the Law because we are under grace. The freedom we have received through God’s grace gives us rest; in the sense that we are at peace with God and one another by Christ (Eph. 2:14-18) and the bonds of unity through the Spirit (Eph. 4:3). In regards to the Sabbath, again, it means that we should not be legalistic and condemn ourselves when we fail to practice a Sabbath rest, but that we are reminded that the period of rest is for the benefit of our souls. That is why Jesus said “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath” (Mk 2:27).